Thursday, October 27, 2005


CHAPTER 3:
"OUR EARLY ANCESTORS"


I - OUR EARLY ANCESTORS
1.1. The First Filipinos
1.1.1 The Bilical Story
1.1.2 The Theory of Evolution
1.1.3 Growth of the Filipinos
1.1.4 Waves of Migration
1.1.4.1 The Negritos
1.1.4.2 The Indonesians
1.1.4.3 The Malays
1.1.5 Legends and Fairy Tales
1.1.5.1 The Story of Malakas and Maganda
1.1.5.2 The Story of the Brown People


1.1 The First Filipinos

1.1.1 The Bilical Story -
  • According to the Holy Bible, all men and women originated from the first man (ADAM) and the first woman (EVE).
  • Noah and his three sons, after the great flood, left to settle the Earth.
  • Shem, Ham, and Japheth - sons of Noah had sons fter the flood.
  • Japheth, the youngest, had a son named Javan
  • Out of Javan, came four sons named Elishah, Tharsis, The Kittim and the Rodanim.
  • Fr. Francisco Colin, A Jesuit Historian, wrote that the first settlers of our country was Tharsis.


1.1.2 The Theory of Evolution
  • Archeologists - scientist who study about the past
        • they study old material relics like bones, jars, pottery and antique jewelry
        • these relics are found in the sites of old burial plots, homes or villages of people who lived long, long ago.
  • Theory of Evolutiuon - the belief that man cxame from apelike creturers who lived thousands of years ago in caves and had crude tools.
  • Evolutionists however believe that the first man in the Philippines lived in Palawan (25.000 yers ago). They first lived in caves at Tabon, Palawan. Thus, they are called "Tabon Man."
  • They belonged to the Stone Age culture. Wherein, these people only used stone tools and weapons and they don't know yet how to use metal.
  • According to the evolution theory, the Tabon Man:
    • hunted wild animals with crude stone wepons.
    • They used simple stone tools to make clothes or prepare food.
    • These stone tools were sharp rocks or stones
    • they did not know how to farm or raise animals
    • they were short, with bushy eyebrows and lowe forehead.
    • they lived in a very harsh surroundings
    • they spent most of the time looking for food


1.1.3 Growth of the Filipinos

Early Filiinos grew in numbers and improve their lifestyle.
      • they began to cook with fire and to make sharper tools.
      • many families als olived in Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley.
      • learned to make axes, seashell ornaments and pottery.
      • they chewed betel nuts (nganga)
      • later, they became expert craftsmen, travels and traders.
      • they made better clothes.
      • they're like Vikings of the Pacific. The sailed on boats across the Pacific Ocean to nearby islands in Micronesia and Polynesia.


1.1.4 Waves of Migration

1.1.4.1 The Negritos
      • first people to come to the Philippines
      • also called Atis or Aetas
      • they came across land bridges from mainland Asia aout 25,000 years ago.
      • Philippines then, was connected to Asia by land bridges which later sank below the sea
Characteristics:
          • very small people, less than 5 feet tall
          • were called "Negritos" because they had black skin, short kinky hair, thick lips, and black noses.
          • they wore little clothing
          • had no government
          • no writing
          • no permanent homes
          • they wandered in the forests and lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants and fruits.
          • used bow and arrow for hunting.





1.1.4.2 The Indonesians

According to the migration theory, Indonesians were the first immigrats to come by sea to the Philippines, aout 5,000 years ago.

2 types of Indonesians:
        1. tall, with light skin, large forehead, high nose and thin lips
        2. shorter and darker, with large nose, thick lips and heavy jaw.
    • they were more advance than negritos.
    • they lived in permanent homes
    • usesd fires to cook their food
    • lived by hunting, fishing, and small farming.
    • they painted their bodies with colorful figures.

1.1.4.3 The Malays

Malays, came after the Idonesians, about 2,000 years ago.

Charateristics:
      • medium in height
      • brown-skinned
      • with dark eyes
      • flat noses and straight black hair
They drove the Indonesians into the forest and lived in the lowlands.

      • they were mnore civilized that Indonesians.
      • they livedf in lrger villages
      • had government, writing, music, arts and sciences.
      • they lived by agriculture, fishing, mining and trading.

Maragtas - a legend decribing the coming of the malays

  • it tells how the first ten Malay datus left Borneo and came to Panay. They bought the land from Negritos and settled to other islnds. Datu Puti led the Malay datus, and Marikudo led the Atis. This legend is now celerated in the famous "ati-atihan" fieats and dance.


1.1.5 Legends and Fairy Tales


Imgainary stories tol by old foloks to little children to keep them interested in their past.

1.1.5.1 The Story of Malakas and Maganda

"Long, long ago, after the land was formed as a result of the war betwween the sea anf the sky, the clever bird, which incited the war. flew ashore. It landed on a bamboo plant in order to rest. While resting it happened to peck the bamboo. Suddenly, the bamboo split apart. Out of the first half of the bamboo came handsome man (MALAKAS - the first man in the world), and out of the second half came a beautiful woman (MAGANDA - the first woman in the world). They got married. Many children were born to them. From these children came the Filipinos."

1.1.5.2 The Story of the Brown People

This story tells about God to whom moulded the clay into male and female figures and baked them over a slow fire. Since, he didn't kow how to bake, the first figures turned out too black because they got burned.
Second attempt was making another pair of figure because the Creator seems not happy about his first try. thistime, he became too cautious and took away the clay figures before they could be cooked properly. He was upset to see that the second set of figures were whire coz they were underbake.
For the third time, God moulded another set and put them on the fire. now that he had had practiced and knew perfectly what color of people he wanted. When the color of the clay figures turned brown; he stopped baking and was very happy with his work.
Then He breathed life into all baked clay figuers.





5 Comments:

At 4:51 AM, Blogger Cathy Datu said...

I am delighted to skim over your blog. At least it presents a synopsis of Philippine history. Let me point out that the word Filipino was used to refer to Spaniards born in the Philippines or insulares as against those born in Spain as peninsulares. The native Christians were called indios and the muslims as moros.

Another point that I want to raise is with regards to the pattern of migration that was supposed to be in three waves as Aeta, Indonesians and Malays. This is the theory of Professor Henry Otley Bayer. The idea of the primeval aeta migration is not problematic as there are indicators that point to the validity of such. The problem arises with regards to Indonesian migration and Malay migration. The prevailing idea among modern day anthropologist is the out of Taiwan migration of the Austronesian people of which the Malays and the Indonesians were very much a part of. The Austronesian was a maritime nation with a culture that included the taro (our native gabi) propagation and the use of the the hand adze made of stone.

This Austronesian nation was the most widely distributed population in the whole prehistoric world, its culture being maritime in charater, and includes such diverse places From Southeast Asia in the west, to Rapa Nui (Easter island)in the east, to the Indonesian archipelago and into the African island of Madagascar.

 
At 1:11 AM, Blogger Angela Lee said...

Thanks for posting, I'm able to answer my assignment because of you.

 
At 8:10 AM, Blogger Shieny said...

pwede po ba mag request ng chapter 12? ung british invasion? if ok lang po :)

 
At 2:29 AM, Blogger scott davidson said...

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At 6:34 AM, Blogger Trish said...

Writing this comment 9 years after the entry was posted. Just want to give emphasis on Cathy Datu's statement above. I'm hoping that the author of this blog can apply the necessary changes and just delete the waves of migration part altogether so as to avoid confusion for anyone who will happen to read this. That theory has long been nullified but a lot of people still believe in it because of misinformation. Thanks.

 

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